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Gum Problems

If you’re brushing your teeth and you notice blood when you rinse your mouth, this could be a sign of gum disease and it’s not something to ignore. Although often harmless and treatable, ignoring this condition could lead to serious problems like Periodontitis which has lasting, damaging effects on your teeth and jaw. Bleeding gums can happen for a number of reasons:

• Sign of Gingivitis
• Poor oral health
• Pregnancy
• Blood thinning medications
• Problems with oral features such as dentures

Good dental hygiene and regular trips to the dentist to assess your gums are the easiest ways to stop the recurrence of this happening. If you find that you experience bleeding gums daily, consult your dentist.

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums. It’s the first stage of gum disease and therefore the easiest to treat. Its direct cause is plaque, the substance that forms continuously across teeth and gums. Without removing this plaque daily through general oral health, it produces toxins that can irritate gum tissue.

The classic signs of Gingivitis are:

• Red, swollen gums that bleed when you brush
• Receded gums
• Continuous bad breath
• Bad tasting mouth

At this early stage of gum disease, it is treatable and in most cases reversible. If the condition is left untreated it can lead to more damaging conditions such as Periodontitis which can cause permanent damage to your teeth and jaw.

In order to avoid Gingivitis, the simple treatment is good oral health. Regular professional cleaning is also recommended if you have a hard layer of plaque build-up. To stop this condition in its tracks always:

• Brush your teeth twice daily and thoroughly
• Eat right to ensure proper nutrition to your teeth
• Avoid tobacco
• Schedule regular check-ups with your dentist

Periodontitis

Often known as ‘gum disease’ periodontitis is a common condition where the gums and gum tissue surrounding and supporting the teeth, become inflamed.
The gums can then also become very sore and infected. Although a universal condition, it’s much more common in adults than in young children. This condition begins when a build of plaque on your teeth is not treated correctly. It can start as Gingivitis which is a mild form of gum disease, but untreated it can lead to your jaw being damaged or your teeth falling out.

Most people don’t realise they have this problem because they are so used to dealing with the symptoms that occur. Certain factors contribute to your risk of getting Periodontitis:
• Smoking
• Hormonal changes
• Poorly controlled diabetes
• Other illnesses
• Medications
• Genetics

Despite this condition often being a serious one, it can be prevented through good oral health and regular check-ups with the dentist.

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